Tuesday, April 25, 2017

Pecan Nut Case bearer Spray Time Is Earlier than the past years

Pecan Nut Case bearer Spray Time Is Earlier than the past years Carlsbad, NM,— It is that time of the year again to be thinking about spraying for Pecan Nut Case bearer (PNC). Population projections are not very reliable this year because of the strange weather. We have not had a drop in minimum daily temperature since bud break in Pecans like those that we did last year. I estimated bud break to be March 30 this year but it varies up and down the valley. Some reported as early as March 26 and other as late as 10 April. Using a Heat unit model developed by Texas A & M Cooperative Extension Service, the Eddy County Cooperative Extension Service predicts the Pecan Nut Case bearer would be earlier this year. Based on the adapted PNC heat unity model, crop protection chemicals may be necessary around May 22-May 29. However, this may need to be revised aw weather may change as we progress. Also reported moth counts in pheromone traps will bring this to a more accurate prediction. Computer predictions are best used to plan when to set out pheromone traps, look for eggs and to plan insecticide application but are not reliable enough to be the only source of information to make application decisions. This year may prove this. Orchard scouting for eggs should begin two weeks before the predicted spray date as unusual weather conditions near the spray date, can either accelerate or delay egg-laying activity. I am getting reports of third generation larva in the shoots of new growth; these are from crop years 2014 and have managed to over winter to this spring. This is usual for this valley. Most Case bearer eggs are found at the tip of the nutlet, either on the top or hidden just under the tiny leaves at the tip of the nut let. A good hand lens is necessary to determine their development, (hatched, white, or pink). Also, look for bud feeding just below the nut cluster to detect the presence of newly hatched larvae. You should examine 10 nut clusters per tree. A cluster infested if it has a Case bearer egg or nut entry. If two or more clusters that are infested, insecticide applications may be necessary. Application should be two days after the eggs hatch. If no infested clusters are found, you should check again two days later. Keep checking until June 15. If by this date an infestation is not found insecticide application should not be required, for the first generation. Scouting for the seconded generation should start June 30 as currently predicted by the heat unit model. Caution is required when selection of a pesticide for backyard trees because of the great potential for spray drift onto nearby garden, pets, and living areas. Homeowner can only use products containing Carbaryl, and Malathion. Refer to label instructions for mixing and application rates and precautions. It is in violation of federal law to apply any chemical in any manner except what is on the label. Commercial orchards may use the above products or Interpid, Chlorpyrifos (Lordsban) (Cobalt), Confirm 2F, Pyrethroid or Spintor insecticide. Interpid is the product has a very good residual and is very effective and much safer than Oregano Phosphates and is the current product of choice. It does not harm predatory insects. This product is very safe for use around people. The fact it is not labeled for homeowner is a disappointment, because it is safer than some products, which is labeled for non-restricted use. Pecan nut Case bearer is one of the most important nut infesting insect pests of pecans. It is found in most the pecan growing areas from the east coast to Eddy County New Mexico. The Case bearer larva tunnels into nut lets shortly after pollination, often destroying all of the nut lets in the cluster. The most effective and reliable method of control is a well-timed insecticide application(s) made in the spring to kill hatching larvae before they tunnel into the nut lets. However, insecticides should only be applied if an infestations and nut load justify treatment. Subscribe to Eddy County Ag news at: http://nmsueddyag.blogspot.com/ Eddy County Extension Service, New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and educator. All programs are available to everyone regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. New Mexico State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Eddy County Government Cooperating.

Monday, April 24, 2017

Prescribed burn targets 4K acres in Lincoln Forest

Prescribed burn targets 4K acres in Lincoln Forest The Solider Prescribed Fire project is scheduled to be from April 24 to May 5 and located about 40 miles southwest of Carlsbad. Lincoln National Forest is planning to treat up to 4,300 acres in the Guadalupe Ranger District with a prescribed fire, according to a news release from the U.S. Forest Service. The "Soldier Prescribed Fire" project is scheduled between April 24 to May 5 and will treat an area of the park located about 40 miles southwest of Carlsbad and five miles south of Queen. "Fire plays an extremely important role in the ecological health of the Guadalupe Ranger District, and the intent of the Soldier Prescribed Fire is to reintroduce fire into the specified landscape with heightened ability to provide fire controllability and achievement of resource objectives," said Tom Barta, Guadalupe Ranger District fire management officer, via email.

NMDA leads inbound trade mission with Sonora, Mexico

For Immediate Release: Contact: Shelby Herrera 575-646-3007 office (LAS CRUCES, N.M.) – A recent trade mission has revived New Mexico Department of Agriculture’s (NMDA) efforts to help ranchers in the Land of Enchantment develop markets in foreign lands. Deputy Director Anthony Parra and Juan Sanchez of NMDA’s Marketing and Development Division, hosted 10 cattlemen from Sonora, Mexico. These cattlemen were introduced to local seed stock producers in the eastern part of the state. The Sonoran Cattlemen were able to see firsthand the quality of New Mexico’s livestock genetics and how those genetics will work on their ranches. The inbound mission included ranch tours and a visit to a bull sale at the Roswell Livestock Auction. “The buyers not only had the opportunity to view live animals, but also got to experience how cattle ranches and livestock auctions operate in New Mexico,” Sanchez said. Parra also added that during the mission 10 bulls were exported to Sonora, and contracts signed for over 70 heifers to be exported to Mexican producers. The trade mission was an action item set forth by the New Mexico-Sonora Commission in the 2016 plenary meeting. The commission’s purpose is to provide a forum for discussions and resolutions for issues of mutual concern to the governments of New Mexico and Sonora. “The program is extremely beneficial to producers on both the sides of the US / Mexico border,” Parra said. “It provides ranchers from Mexico, access to high quality genetics to sustain the quality of the programs and ensure diversity. The producers on the US side gain access to new markets and new partnerships to achieve future growth,” he added. Due to a shortage of genetics in Sonora, the inbound mission was created to provide opportunity for the Sonoran producers to improve their operations by investing in New Mexico genetics. On May 1-3, 2017, NMDA will be participating in an outbound mission hosted by the Sonora State Department of Agriculture (SAGARPHA) and the Union Ganadera Regional de Sonora (UGRS) in Hermosillo, Sonora. Seed stock producers are invited to participate in the mission which will include visits to the international import/export facilities, ranch tours, and attendance to the famous ExpoGan (state’s livestock expo). “The outbound mission will afford producers the opportunity to grow relationships while granting the US producers the opportunity to visit Mexican operations and understand how they operate,” Parra said. NMDA will also be attending the ConfederaciĆ³n Nacional de Organizaciones Ganaderas (CNOG) Trade show in Durango, Mexico on May 14-17, 2017. Sanchez invites producers from across New Mexico to send him their brochures and catalogs so they can be shared at the U.S. Livestock Genetics Export booth. For more information about these opportunities, contact Juan Sanchez at 575-646-4929 or at jsanchez@nmda.nmsu.edu

Wednesday, April 19, 2017

Managing Risk and Thinking Ahead’ drought workshop set for April 26 in Clovis

Managing Risk and Thinking Ahead’ drought workshop set for April 26 in Clovis DATE: 04/19/2017 WRITER: Kristie Garcia, 575-646-4211, kmgarcia@nmsu.edu CONTACT: Caiti Steele, 575-646-4144, caiti@nmsu.edu If you’re a farmer, dairy owner or rancher in Eastern New Mexico or West Texas, you may want to attend the “Managing Risk and Thinking Ahead” workshop from 9:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. Wednesday, April 26, in Clovis, New Mexico. The workshop is at the Curry County Events Center Indoor Pavilion, located on the Curry County Fairgrounds at 900 E. Brady Ave. Experts from the New Mexico State University College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences will speak at the workshop. State climatologist Dave DuBois, assistant professor in the NMSU Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, will speak about recent weather events and impacts. From the NMSU Agricultural Science Center at Clovis, agronomist Rajan Ghimire, agricultural research scientist Sultan Begna and superintendent and weed specialist Abdel Mesbah will discuss alternative cropping and crop management with limited water. Attendees will discuss challenges related to weather and climate, as well as the resources and research needed to support farm-level decision making. Topics for the workshop include: - Historical climate trends - Short- and medium-range weather forecasts - Drought tools and early warning resources - Forage nutrition and alternative cropping with limited water - U.S. Department of Agriculture programs Experts from the National Drought Mitigation Center, National Weather Service, Texas Tech, Kansas State, Dairy Nutrition and Management Consulting LLC and Farm Service Agency will also give presentations. Presentations will highlight the potential impact of drought and limited water conditions on agriculture in the Southern High Plains in New Mexico and West Texas. Information will also be provided about local and regional resources that are available to help manage and monitor impacts from drought and other severe weather events. The workshop is supported by the National Integrated Drought Information System and the USDA Southwest Climate Hub. “We are very pleased to be able to offer a workshop that covers some important issues facing agricultural producers in the Southern High Plains,” said Caiti Steele, USDA Southwest Climate Hub Deputy Director. “Drought, extreme weather and limited water resources present very real challenges to profitable agricultural production. We want to hear from crop, dairy and livestock producers about what kinds of information and technical support they think will help in their decision-making and risk management.” Registration is free. Breakfast, lunch and snacks will be provided. To register, go to http://swclimatehub.info. For more information contact Caiti Steele at 575-646-4144 or caiti@nmsu.edu. - 30 - Follow NMSU News on Twitter: http://twitter.com/nmsunews Follow NMSU News on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/NMSUNews